The Golden Retriever originated in the Scottish Highlands in the
late 1800s and was used predominantly for hunting. The breed
was developed by Lord Tweedmouth, whose goal was to create a
superb retriever suited to the Scottish climate, terrain and
available game. He crossed his original "Yellow Retriever" with
the Tweed Water Spaniel (now extinct) found on his estate. Later
integrations of Irish Setter, Bloodhound, and more Tweed Water
Spaniel produced the retriever we know today.